CLIMATE OPPOSITION & DENIAL RESOURCES

A collection of resources on the reasons why certain industries, groups, and individuals deny the existence of climate change, including recommendations on how to counteract the opposition's influence, which often acts as a barrier to climate solutions and public engagement.

 

Collection Resources

A detailed history of attacks on climate science, climate scientists and the IPCC from 1990 to the fifth assessment report.

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An examination of the links between books that deny anthropogenic global warming and conservative think tanks, as well as an analysis of the extent to which denial books lack peer review and are produced by individuals without scientific training.

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A survey of climate blog users aims to identify the variables underlying acceptance and rejection of climate science and the connection to endorsement of conspiracy theories and perception of scientific consensus.

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“Do’s and don’ts” for engaging members of the public who deny the existence of climate change.

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Climate Access founder Cara Pike shares seven effective approaches for overcoming opposition to climate progress.

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Recommendations on shaping a dialogue with individuals who question the existence of climate change.

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Examples of how to harness "teachable moments" when talking with relatives, neighbors, and friends about climate change.

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Recommendations for talking about climate change with members of the Tea Party.

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eHow2011

Tips for having a civil conversation with a climate skeptic.

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Advice for engaging with climate skeptics.

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Recommendations on how to defend climate change education when it's attacked by one's local community, in the classroom, at the school district level, by the state government, or at places of informal education like museums and parks.

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An article that outlines how climate denial is "socially organized" in a way that makes it difficult for the public to talk about climate change or feel empowered to make a difference, the social scientists who face attacks from skeptics, and recommended strategies for moving beyond partisanship by focusing on locally-based behavior change solutions.

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Climate scientist Michael Mann (of the ubiquitous "hockey stick" graph) describes the public-relations campaign that's being waged with the help of politicians, media outlets and the fossil-fuel industry to discredit climate science through arguments that fail to hold up to scientific scrutiny.

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An opinion piece which suggests that journalists and climate messengers can counteract the "denialism playbook" by making a personal connection with an audience through demonstrating shared values and interests.

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Coby Beck2012Grist

A series of responses to the most common arguments about global warming from climate skeptics organized into four categories: stages of denial, scientific topics, types of arguments, and level of sophistication.

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A summary of 173 different myths about climate change and what science says about these arguments from individuals who question climate science.

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George Marshall of Talking Climate suggests strategies for holding effective conversations with people who don't accept climate science.

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This chapter from "The Politics of Climate Change" (edited by Maxwell Boykoff) looks at the cognitive, affective and behavioral challenges to fostering public engagement in climate change policy in the developed world and the structural, institutional and economic issues that should be considered when addressing different groups. 

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A guide to the cognitive processes related to public misperceptions, including practical tips to debunking climate change myths and misinformation. 

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An ethnographic study of the "social organization of denial" that considers how individuals mentally avoid climate change to manage emotions and prevent feelings of fear, guilt and vulnerability.

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An article highlighting the kind of populist messaging coming from climate skeptics such as Tim Phillips and Americans for Prosperity.

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Yale and George Mason University released the first survey of public opinion on global warming and energy policy to isolate the views of Tea Party members.

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An article comparing media reporting on climate change in Europe and the United States and arguing that reporting in the U.S. disproportionately favors climate skeptics.

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An article that relates the importance for climate scientist to prioritize and develop skills in climate change communication with tips on how to do so.

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An article pointing to research that shows that conservative white men are much more likely to be climate deniers than the general public and explanations as to why this is the case.

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Anna Fahey2011

A discussion of the values and frames that have underpinned climate deniers' communication strategies, and the need for environmentalists to do the same, particularly regarding individualism and freedom.

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A discussion of the discrepancy between scientific consensus around anthropogenic climate change and an increasingly skeptical American public opinion. 

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A comparison of climate deniers who reject scientific evidence of anthropogenic warming to "birthers" who are also in the position of refusing evidence.

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Joe Romm2011

A look at how climate skepticism differs from climate denial.

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ecoAmerica2009

A survey of American climate values and motivations with the aim of increasing the effectiveness of advocacy efforts.

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A study of framing processes and the social construction of global warming skepticism within the conservative movement.

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An article arguing that widespread denial and resistance to helping the environment are linked to the social psychological tendency to defend and justify the societal status quo.

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An analysis of the public debate about climate science, particularly regarding skepticism of anthropogenic warming.

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